The evolution of the careers service in Scotland over the past 40 – 50 years.

Explore the careers service from inception to where we are now, to understand the relationship between the economy, attributes of work, policy and the evolution of the service at pivotal points in time.

1973 - UK Employment and Training Act 

  • Scottish local authorities to provide free careers guidance and placing services 

What did the careers service first look like? 

  • Guidance was given to young people in secondary school (typically via one-to-one interviews)
  • Placement function for school-leavers
  • Young workers (to a lesser extent) 

What did the world of work look like? 

  • Traditional types of industrial work and an emphasis on vocational training
  • High levels of unemployment in young people, with less emphasis on academic studies 
  • Oil and Gas and Service industries were on the rise

1993 - Trade Union Reform and Employment Rights Act (TURER) 

  • Responsibility for provision of careers services shifts to the Secretary of State for Scotland 

1998 - Devolution

  • Career guidance seen as increasingly important to policy-makers

1999 - Duffner Committee 

  • Review of the Careers Service 

What did the careers service look like in the 90s? 

  • Service delivery was split into core and non-core customers. Services to core customers were free and financed directly by the government, non-core customers weren't covered by direct funding.
  • Limited support for young workers

What did the world of work look like in the 90s? 

  • Manufacturing jobs in decline
  • Increase in youth training programmes

2002 - Careers Scotland introduced 

2008 - Worldwide financial crash 

2008 - Skills Development Scotland formed 

  • Bringing together careers, skillstraining and funding services

How did the careers service operate in the 2000s? 

  • Targeted support was offered for priority groups, including: Under-24-year-olds, pupils and students in secondary schools, most students in FE college, people with disabilities, those qualified to less than level 3 SVQ, unemployed or unwaged people and those in declining industries. 

What did the world of work look like in the 2000s? 

  • There was an increase in knowledge based services/jobs
  • More young people were in Higher Education than ever before, with a less active labour market
  • There was a large focus on academic achievement in comparison to previous decades. 

2011 - Scottish Government CIAG strategy launched

2014 - Scottish Government Youth Employment strategy launched

2015 - Career Education Standard developed 

2019 - Scottish agency partners chart vision for 'A Human Future' and SDS launch Strategic Plan 2019-22'

  • The strategic plan set out SDS' aims to enable people, mobilise employers and collectively create a more dynamic, responsive skills system 

What did the careers service look like in the 2010s? 

  • Need based CIAG service offer with face-to-face, one-to-one career guidance interventions when making subject choices
  • My World of Work launched, providing online career information and advice to anyone at any time. This created better alignment of digital content with face-to-face delivery.

What did the world of work look like in the 2010s? 

  • Post-recession high levels of young people in education
  • More hybrid types of work and education with more interest and desire for new and enhanced work-based learning routes. 

2020

2021 

  • The Career Review launches as SDS collaborates with partners and the third sector to undertake a comprehensive review of CIAG services. 

Our current world of work 

  • The pandemic has triggered changes worldwide and created the opportunity and need for world leaders / employers to evaluate their approaches to work
  • New ways of working are being made permanent (increase in working from home, offices reducing capacity/closing, increased use of technology and new business models).

The future of work

The timeline above outlines in detail the evolution of the careers service and how our world of work has changed since the 1970s.

But what do we know about the future of work and what changes can we expect? 

The future of work context summary below provides insight on some of the pre and post COVID-19 issues, along with opportunities and challenges for our skills system, labour market, economy and society.